On the Swedish participation in the Neutral Nations Supervisory Commission (NNSC)

Sverige är som stat representerad vid demarkationslinjen mellan södra och norra Korea för att övervaka att vapenstilleståndsavtalet efter Koreakriget följs. Svensk-Koreanska föreningen fick nyligen en fråga från en student vid ett universitet i Seoul om hur vi ser på den svenska närvaron.
Ett utdrag ur svaret publiceras här.

The basic standpoint of the Swedish-Korean Friendship Association is that inter-Korean peace talks is a matter for the Korean people themselves, without foreign interference, and should be based on the agreements reached at the north-south summit meetings – basically the June 15th Joint Statement 2000, the October 2008 agreement, the Panmunjom declaration of April 2018 and the Pyongyang declaration of September 2018. We welcome those positive expressions of the Korean nation’s will for peace, national independence, and joint efforts for cooperation and economic development.

In the Panmunjom declaration, north and south Korea agreed to cooperate for a permanent and solid peace mechanism, and suggested tripartite meetings (North, South and United States) or four-party meetings (North, South, the United States, and China) to declare an end of the war and establish a peace mechanism during 2018, the year marking the 65th anniversary of the 1953 armistice. We much regret the delay in reaching a peace agreement along those lines, but still think that is the only possible road ahead towards a peaceful and independent reunification of the Korean nation by its own people.

The Military Ceasefire Commission (MAC), which was the executive arm of the armistice agreement, and the Neutral Nations Supervisory Commission (NNSC), whose task was to ensure respect for the armistice agreement, have in fact ceased to function, inter alia because of one-sided US actions.

According to the agreement, the leading delegates in MAC should come from the two sides, the DPRK and the USA, but when the US appointed a general from the ROK army, which was not party to the agreement, as a leading representative of their side, the DPRK, for good reason, saw the appointment as a provocation. Since then, the MAC has no longer been able to carry out its task.

Of the countries included in the NNSC, Czechoslovakia has been dissolved and is no longer in the Commission, Poland has become an ally of the US, and the other two, Sweden and Switzerland, do not even make the appearance of impartially monitoring the application of the agreement.

It is obvious that an agreement between two parties does not become more than a piece of paper when one side ignores it. The Korean Armistice Agreement has long since lost its function and role as a tool to prevent the escalation of tension and the risk of war on the Korean Peninsula. For a stable peace to be secured, that agreement must be replaced by a robust peace mechanism, as unanimously proposed by the North and the South.

The member states of the NNSC, as you certainly know, made a joint statement 2018, which probably also expresses the official standpoint of the Swedish government:

https://www.government.se/statements/2018/04/2018-joint-statement-by-neutral-nations-supervisory-commission-member-states/

However, the Swedish Armed forces’ homepage has a different wording:

“The task of the Neutral Nations Supervisory Commission, (NNSC), has evolved throughout its lifetime, and is currently focused on maintaining the validity of the truce mechanism between North and South Korea with the aid of a Swedish and Swiss presence in the demilitarised zone. The NNSC has on-going contact with South Korea. There is, however, currently no contact with North Korea.”

https://www.forsvarsmakten.se/en/activities/current-international-missions2/korea-nnsc/

I hope this answer will be of some help for you.

With best regards,

Christer Lundgren

Chairman of the Swedish-Korean Friendship Association

text/omsverigesdeltagandeinnsc.txt · Senast uppdaterad: 2019/03/18 12:16 av daniel
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